Michał Kokowski, On the defectiveness of the argument for...

Copernicus portrait from Academic High-school (Torun), about 1580-85Copernicus epitaph from Frombork cathedral, 1735Copernicus monument (Warsaw) by Bertel Thordwaldsen, about 1830Copernicus monument (Torun) by Fryderyk Tieck, 1850Copernicus monument (Krakow) by Cyprian Godebski, 1900Copernicus monument (Olsztyn)

On the defectiveness of the argument for the finality of the discovery of the remains of Nicolaus Copernicus.

Part 2.
Results and interpretation of genealogical, historical and genetic research.

Click the title to download the file (949 KB pdf).

The article was peer-reviewed by:

  • Professor Karolina Targosz, Habilitated Doctor in Humanities (Ludwik and Aleksander Birkenmajer Institute for the History of Science, Polish Academy of Sciences) — historical issues, Copernican iconography;
  • Professor Tadeusz Dobosz, Habilitated Doctor in Medical Sciences (Department of Molecular Techniques, Chair of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Academy in Wrocław; a member of the Forensic Genetics Commission of the Polish Society of Forensic Medicine and Criminology) — the issues of DNA analyses;
  • Reverend Zbigniew Liana, PhD (Departament of Natural Sciences, Philosophical Faculty, Pontifical University of John Paul II) — methodological issues.

Published in:
Michał Kokowski (ed.), The Nicolus Copernicus grave mystery. A dialog of experts. (2015), pp. 209–304.

This paper was published originaly in Polish in:
Michał Kokowski (red.), Tajemnica grobu Mikołaja Kopernika. Dialog ekspertów (Kraków 22–23 II 2010) (2012), pp. 217–314.


The article presents a comprehensive critique of the argument in favour of the discovery of the remains of Nicolaus Copernicus. It analyses the arguments based on genealogical, historical and most of all genetic considerations, including the mathematical fundamentals of estimation a random match of mtDNA profiles.

The following assertion results from the presented criticism: Based on the results provided by the team of Jerzy Gšssowski, it is not possible to reasonably claim that the grave of Nicolaus Copernicus was discovered. Therefore, this research should be continued in order to increase the strength of the argument and obtain new evidence.

Keywords: Nicolaus Copernicus, Copernicology, likenesses of Copernicus, Copernicus’s ethnicity, genealogy, mtDNA, Y-DNA, mtDNA and Y-DNA population bases, methods for estimating the probability of a random match of mtDNA profi les for the general case and the extreme cases, genetic genealogy, ethnogenesis of Slavs and Germans, ethnic origin of the population of Silesia, ethnic origin of the Toruń burghers, methodology of interdisciplinary research.

On the defectiveness of the argument for the finality of the discovery of the remains of Nicolaus Copernicus. Part 1.

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